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2018考研英语阅读技巧之"神奇的冒号"
  • 来源:中公考研
  • 时间:2017-08-28 10:10:00
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考研英语阅读题在解题过程中,你会发现,很多定位到的答案所在句特别长,长难句的解析过程又是各位学员所头疼的问题,这时候,如果大家知道一些解题技巧,依然会帮助大家选出正确选项。今天我们讲解的解题技巧就是神奇的冒号。

 
冒号表示解释说明,很多时候,冒号之后的内容往往就是我们的正确选项来源。大家知道了这个解题技巧,在做题的时候,如果原文定位句出现了很多不认识的单词或者比较复杂的长难句,则可以不用慌张,直接利用解题技巧解题就可以了。
 
例1 Just as bosses and boards have finally sorted out their worst accounting and compliance troubles, and improved their feeble corporation governance, a new problem threatens to earn them——especially in America——the sort of nasty headlines that inevitably lead to heads rolling in the executive suite: data insecurity. (2007 Text 4)
 
36. The statement: “It never rains but it pours.” is used to introduce _____
 
A. the fierce business competition
 
B. the feeble boss-board relations
 
C. the threat from news reports
 
D. the severity of data leakage
 
此题的定位句是长难句,不易理解,但是如果大家知道解题技巧神奇的冒号的话,很容易把关注点放在冒号之后的内容data insecurity上,所以对应的正确选项应该是D选项data leakage。此句意为“当老板和董事们刚刚整顿好最糟糕的财务和规章问题,加强了薄弱的公司机制之后,新的“数据不安全”问题可能使他们出现在令人讨厌的(尤其是美国的)头版头条新闻中,毫无疑问,这会导致执行官们走马换任。”
 
例2 The trend in sports, though, may be obscuring an unrecognized reality: Americans have generally stopped growing. (2008 Text 3)
 
35. The text intends to tell us that_____
 
A. the change of human height follows a cyclic pattern
 
B. human height is becoming even more predictable
 
C. Americans have reached their genetic growth limit
 
D. the genetic pattern of Americans has altered
 
此题的定位句中你可能不认识obscuring和unrecognized这两个单词,但是没有关系,只要你知道解题技巧神奇的冒号,你就会关注冒号之后的内容,即Americans have generally stopped growing,那么对应的正确选项就是C:Americans have reached their genetic growth limit。原文的主语Americans对应C选项的Americans,原文的谓语动词have stopped对应C选项的have reached……limit,原文的宾语growing对应正确选项的growth。
 
例3 This is a subtle form of peer pressure: we unconsciously imitate the behavior we see every day. (2012 Text 1)
 
24. Paragragh 5 shows that our imitation of behaviors
 
A. is harmful to our networks of friends
 
B. will mislead behaviorial studies
 
C. occurs without our realizing it
 
D. can produce negative health habits
 
此题的定位句中你可能不认识subtle这个单词,但是我们的关注点应该放在冒号之后的we unconsciously imitate the behavior we see every day,这样正确选项就是C: occurs without our realizing it,其中unconsciously就是without realizing的同义替换。

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